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Gallstone-related complications and evidence base treatments. A scoop review

Authors:

Vasitha Abeysuriya ,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About Vasitha
Faculty of Medicine Ragama
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S. H. Dodampahala

Colombo, University of Colombo, LK
About S. H.
Professor in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine
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Abstract

The incidence of gallstones is 10-15%, making it one of the most common causes of surgical admissions. The number of admissions and operations for gallstone disease is increasing. Commonly gallstones are formed in the gallbladder but can also develop in the biliary tree. Commonly, gallstones are made of cholesterol. Even though the exact cause of supersaturation of bile is not known, there are multiple associate factors for gallstone formation. Most patients with gallstones never experience any symptoms, but the risk of presenting with complications related to gallstones is 1%-4% a year. Patients with gallstones can present with pain or other more severe complications that demand surgical treatment and follow-up. This article looks into epidemiology, basic pathophysiology, complications, pregnancy and gallstones, diagnosis and recent evidence base treatment of gallstone disease.

How to Cite: Abeysuriya, V. and Dodampahala, S.H., 2022. Gallstone-related complications and evidence base treatments. A scoop review. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 44(3), pp.159–163. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljog.v44i3.8062
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Published on 21 Dec 2022.
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