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Case Reports

Use of mirena (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) in menorraghia in a young female with von Willebrand disease (vWD) Type 3 - A case report

Authors:

S. S. S. Fernando ,

CSTH Kalubowila, LK
About S. S. S.

Registrar in Emergency Medicine

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R. D. Jeewantha,

CSTH- Kalubowila, LK
About R. D.
Senior Registrar in Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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R. P. Pathiraja,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About R. P.
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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M. A. M. M. Jayawardane

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About M. A. M. M.
Senior Lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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Abstract

von Willebrand disease (vWD) is a bleeding disorder that is predominantly attributable to reduced levels of von Willebrand factor (vWF) activity. vWD prevalence is 1% in the population and vWD Type 3 is very rare. vWD Type 3 is inherited as autosomal recessive manner and accounts for less than 5% of all cases. Individuals with vWD type 3 can have a severe internal and joint bleeding.

 

However, type 3 and type 2 variants are extremely difficult to manage and there is no guarantee that haemostasis will be achieved even when plasma concentrations have apparently been corrected into the normal range.

 

We report a female child aged 10 years presented to us with heavy menstrual bleeding for three days which continued for another seven days. This episode was after recent onset of menarche and was diagnosed as having vWD Type 3. It was considered as a life threatening bleeding.

 

Immediate and long term management of this patient with a major bleed was a daunting task.

 

She was treated with Intermediate purity factor viii/ factor viii (cryoprecipitate), activated factor vii, Blood and antifibrinolytics.

 

Long term endometrial suppression was the key to hinder excessive bleeding during menstruation (which could be life threatening) as she would need prophylaxis during each episode. Selecting the correct method which suits her best was not without difficulty.

 

Intrauterine use of Mirena (levonogestrel-releasing intrauterine system-LNG-IUS)

 

Was a better option and there are very few reports if at all of its use in a similar situation. We have used it as a novel method to suppress excessive menstrual bleeding (long term) in this patient with von Willebrand disease type 3.
How to Cite: Fernando, S.S.S. et al., (2017). Use of mirena (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) in menorraghia in a young female with von Willebrand disease (vWD) Type 3 - A case report. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 39(3), pp.57–59. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljog.v39i3.7820
Published on 01 Nov 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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