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Original Papers

A randomized controlled trial of rectal analgesia diclofenac sodium for relief of perineal pain following child birth

Author:

D L W Dasanayake

University of Ruhuna, Galle., LK
About D
Senior Lecturer/Specialist in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Department of Obstetrics &Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine
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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate rectal diclofenac sodium in the relief of perineal pain after trauma during childbirth.
Design: A randomized , double blind trial
Setting: The obstetric department (ward 21) , Professorial Unit, Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila.
Population: Women with an episiotomy or any degree of perineal tears including vestibular tears, which required suturing.
Method: Women were randomly allocated to either diclofenac sodium or placebo suppositories (Anusol) , using a random – number table. Treatment packs contained two, diclofenac sodium 100 mg and diclofenac sodium 50 mg suppositories or two placebo suppositories, The first (diclofenac sodium100mg or placebo) was inserted when suturing was completed , and the second (50 mg diclofenac sodium or placebo) 12 hours after birth. Women were asked to indicate their degree of perineal pain at 24 hours after birth, using 10 cm visual analogue scale.
Main outcome measure: Pain score at 24 hours after birth.
Results: A total of 169 women were recruited, with 84 randomized to diclofenac sodium suppositories and 85 to placebo. Women in the diclofenac sodium group were significantly less likely to experience pain within 24 hours of delivery (percentage of mean pain score reduction , 45% , P < .001 ) compared with those who received placebo.
Conclusions: The use of rectal diclofenac sodium is a simple and effective method of reducing the pain experienced by women following perineal trauma within the first 24 hours after childbirth.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljog.v36i1.6962

Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
2014; 36: 14-16

How to Cite: Dasanayake, D.L.W., (2014). A randomized controlled trial of rectal analgesia diclofenac sodium for relief of perineal pain following child birth. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 36(1), pp.14–16. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljog.v36i1.6962
Published on 03 Jun 2014.
Peer Reviewed

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