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Original Papers

Correlation between Anti-Mullerian Hormone Levels and Antral Follicle Numbers in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Authors:

Marisol Silva-Vera ,

Department of Nursing and Obstetrics. Division of Health Sciences and Engineering. Celaya- Salvatierra. University of Guanajuato, MX
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Vicente Beltrán-Campos

Department of Clinical Nursing. Division of Health Sciences and Engineering, Celaya- Salvatierra. University of Guanajuato, MX
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Abstract

Introduction: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovarian morphology, altered gonadotropin secretion, insulin resistance and /or hyperinsulinemia associated with obesity.

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the correlations between levels of FSH, LH, estradiol, Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH), and antralfollicle numbers in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

Methods: PCOS was diagnosed when at least two out of the three parameters were present, according to the Rotterdam criteria. Patients were grouped according to the presence of oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea. Levels of AMH, FSH, LH and Estradiol were determined and a transvaginal ultrasound was performed to determine ovarian volume and the number of antral follicles.

Results: Pearson’s correlation revealed a significant correlation (0.283, p =0.01) between AMH and antralfollicle number. It was appetent that the higher the number of antral follicles the concentrations of AMH is also higher. A linear correlation showed that the AMH concentration and the number of antral follicles correlated positively (r =0.303, p =0.002). While the levels of FSH correlated negatively with the number of antral follicles(r = -0.182, p = 0.05).The ovarian volume also correlated positively with the number of follicles (r =0.708, p = 0.000).

Conclusions: A significant correlation of AMH with the number of antral follicles was revealed.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljog.v36i4.7730

Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Vol.36(4) 2014: 89-92

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljog.v36i4.7730
How to Cite: Silva-Vera, M. & Beltrán-Campos, V., (2015). Correlation between Anti-Mullerian Hormone Levels and Antral Follicle Numbers in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 36(4), pp.89–92. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljog.v36i4.7730
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Published on 26 Mar 2015.
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